The underwater world around all Hawaiian Islands is a #1 destination for Scuba divers world wide. Diving on the Big Island is a great way to get away from the crowds and to explore the underwater landscapes on your own. The abundance of sea life in each color of the rainbow is amazing and you can spend your whole vacation exploring the many sea caves, submerged lava tubes, and coral belts that surround the island.
We discuss the following topics in our dive guide for the Big Island:
- Should you go diving or snorkeling?
- Dive spots and diving conditions
- Diving tours and gear rental
- Scuba diving safety tips
To get you excited about the Big Island diving scene we include the following video shows a compilation by Chris Biela of highlights shot during a 7-day diving trip to the Big Island:
Should you go diving or snorkeling? (both!)
Snorkeling and scuba diving are great fun and neither is “better” than the other. Actually, both are AWESOME!
Diving and snorkeling are two different way to explore the ocean and each option has their own (dis)advantages. If you already are certified to dive you probably will go diving anyhow but for those people still on the fence the following list may help to make a choice about getting certified (or to take a SNUBA diving tour) while visiting Hawaii:
Scuba diving (dis)advantages:
- Scuba diving is more expensive than snorkeling because you need more gear. You also need to properly plan each dive.
- Diving gives you an amazing 3-dimensional freedom to explore the underwater world. You get to see the fish and coral from really close and you get to see habitats that are impossible to see/reach while snorkeling
- Scuba diving requires effort and good health. You have to maintain equipment, fitness and certifications.
- Scuba diving is not without risk. Have a look at our 4 scuba diving safety tips for details.
- Snorkeling is for everyone! All you need is the ability to swim, to breathe, and to have fun :D
- Snorkeling is more “low effort” and doesn’t require advanced planning. You can bring a snorkel and goggles with you to the beach and use them whenever you want.
- Snorkeling is very affordable. Buying snorkeling gear costs a few tens of USD and rentals can cost as little as $10/day.
See our snorkeling guide for more information about snorkeling (locations, gear rental and tours) on the Big Island
Local dive spots and diving conditions
There literary isn’t a place on the Big Island coast where you are more than a mile away from a good diving spot and diving conditions are generally very good.
Big Island dive spots:
Most visitors to the Big Island choose to go on a diving tour. Local dive operators know how to pick the best spots and how to get you there. Read more about these dive tours.
If you want to go out and explore the Big Island scuba locations yourself we recommend that you stay on the west (Kona) side of the Big Island. Some outstanding locations are Pukao, Kealakekua bay, Pu’uhonau o Honaunau (place of refuge) and “mile marker 4” (just south of Kona).
For more info and dive reports on these and more diving spots, see the excellent shorediving guide to the Big Island.
Diving conditions: “location, location, conditions”
“Location, location, location” is a phrase often heard from realtors, but it is definitely also appropriate for diving spots. However, for a truly memorable dive we need to change this phrase with one word into: “location, location, conditions”.
Even if you would be diving in Neptune’s treasure trove itself, you would not be able to enjoy doing so if you couldn’t see anything.
Diving locations around the Big Island can be split roughly in two: Those on the Kona side and those on the Hilo side. In general, diving conditions are better at the Kona side with less murky waters and more sunshine. Water visibility over 100 ft. is common here. Dive conditions depend of course on local weather conditions.
You encounter the best diving conditions for diving from spring through fall when the surf is lower and thus has less impact on visibility conditions. During wintertime surf can get high which will murky the waters.
Diving tours and gear rental
Dive shops around the island offer rentals for offshore scuba diving around the Big Island. Most also offer dive tours and provide food, transport and equipment. The Kona Dive Company and Jacks Diving Locker are some of your options to rent gear or take courses in Kailua Kona.
If you want to go scuba diving on the east side of the Big Island (Hilo, Puna) have a look at the Nautilus Dive Center in Hilo.
Note that you need the proper certification to rent diving gear.
The manta ray night dive
Next to seeing the lava the manta ray dive is one of the most memorable things you can do on the Big Island! Imagine floating in the dark ocean holding only a flashlight, and being surrounded by the playing benign giants swirling around you!
This one paragraph barely does justice to this experience which is why we have dedicated and entire guide to this activity. Read more about the Manta Ray Night Dive on our website.
What certification do you need for Scuba or Snuba diving?
If you are not yet certified but want to go scuba diving anyway, you have two choices: Either get certification during a course on the island, or go ‘snuba’ diving:
- For beginners there are so-called “Resort Courses” that qualify you for an introductory scuba dive in mere hours. During the resort course you get diving instructions for a couple of hours in a swimming pool and afterwards you are certified to go on a guided dive. There is of course also the opportunity to take a full certification course. What better place to learn how to dive than in Hawaii?
- If you don’t care for a resort course but still want to go deep under water, consider SNUBA diving. Snuba divers breathe underwater by means of a 20 foot air line which is connected to a standard scuba tank. The tank is mounted on a raft on the surface that follows your every movement. Every Snuba tour is guided by a diving professional.
Scuba diving safety tips
- Have the proper qualifications: To rent diving gear, you should be either PADI or NAUI certified. If you have not dived for a while or are inexperienced, dive with an instructor and consider a “Resort Course”.
- Be prepared: Always rent high quality equipment. You don’t want your gear to fail 20 feet below the surface! Also, plan ahead. Check the local weather conditions, wear shoes, gloves and a wet-suit to protect you from the cold and sharp coral and lava rocks. Do not fly or travel to high altitudes (e.g. Mauna Kea or Mauna Loa) within 24 hours after your dive
- Be careful: Always check your entry and exit points before diving. Never dive alone or use up all the air in your tank. Completely check out the dive location before choosing whether to make the dive.
- Have fun! Take in the spectacular underwater world around Hawaii. Consider taking along an underwater camera for some spectacular shots.