The oldest in Hawaii’s modern-day chain, Kauaʻi has a reputation for being a lush island; hence, its nickname as the “Garden Island.” But it’s also one of the most dramatic islands. As volcanoes age, they sink and reflect the effects of erosion, and about five million years of weathering have transformed Kauaʻi into a marvelous sculpture, with natural features found on no other island.
Table of contents
Table of Contents
- The 5 regions of Kauai
- Top 5 things to do
With a population of less than 75,000, Kauaʻi is truly a small-town island, littered with open space, protected preserves, and old plantation history.
Its main attractions, such as Waimea Canyon and the Nāpali Coast, will wow you with their grandeur (although there are plenty beautiful sights and destinations on Kauaʻi), and its outdoor recreation, like hiking, is limitless. Once considered an island devoid of good cuisine, Kauaʻi has seen its food scene improve dramatically in recent years as its population continues to grow and diversify. With two resort hubs – Princeville in the North and Poipu down south – there’s also a good variety of places to stay.
Good to know: We recommend that you spend at least 5 days on Kauaʻi (more if you can!).
Destinations on Kauaʻi
There’s only one main road on Kauaʻi, which makes the island easy to explore for even the most directionally-challenged travelers. Below, we list the main destinations that you’ll find on Kauaʻi.
- North Shore: Hanalei, Kilauea, and Princeville
- West side + the Nāpali coast
- East side: Lihue and Kapaa
- Poipu (South Kauaʻi)
Regardless of your destination, exploring Kauaʻi’s one main road (and the many other smaller ones) is more fun with the help of a GPS assisted audio guide. See for example this overview of Kauaʻi driving tours by Shake Guide.
1. North Shore: Hanalei, Kilauea, and Princeville
Kauaʻi’s north shore refers to everything from Keʻe Beach (northwest) to Kilauea (northeast).
The hub of Kauaʻi’s north shore, Hanalei, is perhaps the most picturesque town on Kauaʻi. Set against a u-shaped bay and backdropped by waterfalls and jungle-covered mountains, it’s a well-rounded choice as a home base, especially if you have interest in exploring the Nāpali Coast (see below).
Adjacent to Hanalei is Princeville, a well-groomed resort and accommodation hub on the north shore, home to hotels like the Princeville Resort, the Westin, the Wyndham, and a number of smaller hotels and condo rentals.
In nearby Kilauea, you’ll find a strong agricultural vibe (it was once home to a large guava plantation) and a number of natural attractions, like Kauapea Beach and Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge.
2. West Side and Nāpali Coast
Ask anyone for a list of the most scenic places in Hawaii, and the Nāpali Coast is sure to be on it. Wrapping around the northwest part of the island, its jagged coastline features sharp, dramatic valleys that beg to be explored via foot, kayak, boat, or helicopter.
The entirety of this coast is protected area, so you won’t find a single ounce of development from Keʻe Beach all the way down to Polihale State Park.
3. East Side: Lihue and Kapaa
Lihue is the capital of Kauaʻi and the first town you’ll encounter when leaving the airport. If you need anything upon landing, such as conveniences, groceries, or banking, Lihue is a good place to find what you need. It’s also home to the Kauai Museum, which provides an excellent overview of the island’s history. Combine a visit to the museum with a stop at Kauai Beer Co in downtown Lihue, and your trip will be off to a good start.
Farther north on the east side is Kapaa, an old plantation town that has seen noticeable growth in recent years. On one hand, it has a lot of souvenir and tourist shops; on another, it’s home to a large food truck scene, a beautiful coastal bike path, and a few local favorites, like Pono Market. In the southern part of Kapaa, you’ll find a strip of small hotels. A long, rocky beach lines most of Kapaa’s coast (most of it is not safe for swimming); head to the sandy confines of Kealia Beach at the northern edge of town to take a dip (always check with the lifeguards before swimming).
Poipu is the main tourist hub on Kauaʻi’s south shore, literally on the southern tip of the island where good weather and sunshine blend perfectly with well-appointed, tropical landscapes. Besides the weather and lodging opportunities (a mix of resorts, cottages, and small inns), there are a multiple golf courses, coastal walking trails, luaus, a range of restaurants, and a variety of beaches, all within the vicinity.
Waimea is just a small, coastal plantation town in southeast Kauaʻi, but it comes with major historical significance. It was where Captain James Cook made his first landing in Hawaii in 1778, and its port was once busy with whaling, logging, and sugar-cane operations. Today, it’s mostly a collection of small souvenir shops and tourist-focused restaurants, as thousands of people per day pass through the town to get to Waimea Canyon (see below) in the north.
Keep going west through Waimea and you’ll arrive at Polihale State Park, which sits at the end of the road and is one of the most remote, underappreciated beaches in all of Hawaii.
Things to do on Kauaʻi
Here are the top five things we suggest on your first visit to Kauaʻi:
You can get a preview of all 5 experiences in the video by Fuchachee below. The whole video is worth a watch but for those of you with little time, you can see the Waimea Canyon Lookout at 0:53, the Nā Pali Coast at 2:18, the Hanalei Valley Lookout at 3:06, the Wailua Falls at 3:09, and hiking trails throughout the video.
There are MANY amazing experience on Kauaʻi that did not make the cut to be part of our “top 5” but that are more than worth your attention. You can get a feel for a few of those in our:
- List of major sights and destinations on Kauaʻi, and in our
- List of bite-sized (< 2 hours) things to do on Kauaʻi.
1. Explore the Nāpali Coast
It doesn’t matter how you do it – via foot, boat, kayak, or helicopter – just get out and experience the Nāpali Coast and its jagged, majestic cliffs.
On foot, the Kalalau Trail that leaves from Keʻe Beach is as scenic as it gets, and it’s highly recommended you check it out. Hiking the full 11-miles to Kalalau Beach requires a permit, but day hiking the 2-miles (one way) to Hanakapiai Beach and Falls does not. For first timers and the casual hiker, we recommend the latter.
- Helicopter tours, like those of Blue Hawaiian, are available daily.
- For a boat tour, check out the different sailings offered by Holo Holo Charters.
- If you’re looking to kayak, try Nāpali Kayak.
Learn more: read our Nāpali Coast guide to learn more about how and why to visit.
Note: The north shore of Kauaʻi recently instituted new rules and regulations, as well as a shuttle system, for those visiting. Be sure to read and respect them.
2. Visit Waimea Canyon
Waimea Canyon is a geological gem, its red and orange canyon walls stretching down more than 3,600-feet deep and 14 miles long, carved by the Waimea River over millions of years. The name “Waimea” translates to “Reddish Waters,” a reference to the color of the river’s water as it erodes the canyon walls.
After driving up to the canyon rim from the town of Waimea, there are a number of lookouts to visit, including Waimea Canyon Lookout (mile marker 10), Puu Hinahina Lookout (mile marker 13), Kalalau Lookout (mile marker 18), and Puu o Kila (mile marker 19).
Waimea Canyon is a state park (website) with parking and entrance fees for non-residents, and also hosts a number of hikes: Awaawapuhi Trail, the Pihea Trail, and the Cliff Canyon and Black Pipe Trail. Consider spending the night at the Kokee Lodge Cabins and Campground.
3. Kayak the Wailua River
The Wailua River is the only navigable river in Hawaii, and visitors can enjoy a legitimate boating, kayak, or SUP adventure in Wailua River State Park. You can either rent your own kayak, or you can hop on one of many tours.
Some tours combine hiking and kayaking, and others focus on only one activity. Though the hikes in this area can be interesting and a nice addition, be sure your tour is centered around the river, and that you’re getting ample time to explore its waters winding through the rainforest.
4. Take a Hike with Kauaʻi Hiking Tours
Many visitors to Kauaʻi will hit the main trails during their visit, like Sleeping Giant and Kalalau. But for hikers looking to experience more, take a guided hike with Kauai Hiking Tours to discover beyond the tourist circuit.
Owner Jeremiah Felson mixes history, culture, biodiversity, environmentalism, and natural skills into his hikes, offering a unique look at Kauaʻi’s landscape and introducing visitors to trails they may not otherwise find.
5. Make Hanalei Your Home
Hanalei deserves more than a passing glance, and even though it’s located way up north, you should consider making it your home base. Its beautiful, u-shaped bay is ideal for slow strolls; its mellow surf perfect for a beginner lesson (Hawaiian Surfing Adventures); and its mountain views beg you to stay put in the sand, offering a calming, relaxing energy. It’s a great place to try some locally-grown food, like the plate lunches at Hanalei Taro & Juice.
From Hanalei, you can take a shuttle along the north shore to visit a variety of other beaches, reducing your need for a car.