Pohoiki black sand beach is one of the newest black sand beaches on the Big Island and is part of Isaac Hale Beach Park. This is a very beautiful beach in the Puna district.
Our information about Pohoiki beach is split in the following chapters:
Table of contents
Table of Contents
- Prelude: how Pohoiki beach was born out of the 2018 LERZ eruption
- About Pohoiki Black Sand Beach
- The uncertain future of Pohoiki beach
- The Isaac Hale Beach Park
- Directions to Pohoiki Beach and the beach park
Destruction and Creation: a black sand beach rises from the lava
The Island of Hawai’i is a place where many opposites meet: Fire and water, tundra and monsoon climates, rainforests and deserts, creation and destruction. All can often be found within just a few miles of each other and this gives a unique vibe to the Big Island which makes many people (us for sure!) fall head over heels in love with her.
The latest episode of creation and destruction on Hawaii island is the 2018 Lower East Zone Eruption, during which lava surface flows between early May and early August destroyed over 700 houses and that covered, among many other things, some of the most beautiful and mesmerizing places in Puna: the Kapoho Tide Pools and the Ahalanui Hot Ponds.
Isaac Hale (Pohoiki) beach park also came very close to annihilation but managed to survive. If you are curious, this video (on instagram) shows what Pohoiki looked like when the 2018 LERZ eruption was just starting. All the coastline in the second part of the video below (beyond the pier) has now disappeared under lava:
At the end of the eruption, 13.7 square miles of the Big Island were covered by new lava, and more than 1.3 square miles of new land was created. From this destruction, however, new things were born:
Land, for example. A LOT of lava flowed into the ocean during the LERZ eruption: 875 acres (3.5 km^2) of new lava delta was created. Some of this delta may collapse into the ocean again, but at the end of the day the Big Island will probably have grown by about one square mile!
Black sand is another thing that was created in bulk. When hot lava comes into contact with water it quickly solidifies and often fragments or explodes into many small parts. These small lava cinders are then ground into fine black sand by the waves. Fun fact: all the black sand on Hawai’i’s beaches, at one point, was red-hot lava!
This black sand was (and is!) being distributed over the nearby coast, which has caused many new black sand beaches to form. The new most-talked about beach on the Big Island is the one forming in front of the Pohoiki boat launch: (new) Pohoiki black sand beach.
This is what the new beach looked like at the beginning of October 2018:
Pohoiki black sand beach
Pohoiki is officially known as Isaac Hale Beach Park and is an extremely diverse natural area in the beautiful and lush Puna district. It includes a recreation area, several ocean thermal ponds, a (new!) beach, and is also a popular surfing spot.
Pohoiki bay was almost filled with lava but, fortunately, the lava flow stopped a mere 230 ft (70 m) from the harbor. The popular surf breaks Bowls, Shacks, and dead trees, are no more, as well as part of the park, which was also covered with lava.
Fortunately, the boat ramp and most of the beach park survived. Now, lots of new black sand is gushing into the bay forming an ever growing black sand beach!
The beach is quite steep at the moment and the sand is still coarse but it will get finer as the waves grind down the small lava fragments. Life is already returning to the ocean and land now that the eruption has and the whole beach is a pristine wonder to behold.
The uncertain future of Pohoiki black sand beach
Isaac Hale Beach Park has now reopened after the LERZ eruption but the fate of the new black sand beach is still very uncertain. New black sand beaches like this often wash away again within a few years because no new sand is being provided (see for example the slowly shrinking Kaimu black sand beach).
There also is the question of what to do with the boat launch.
The Pohoiki ramp is the only boat launch in the entire Puna district, and many locals, fisherman and local tour operators are financially dependent on nearby ocean access. Because of the economic impact of the harbor it is possible that the bay will be at least partially dredged in the future to open the boat ramp once again. If this happens it is not clear how much it will impact the black sand beach now almost completely lining Pohoiki bay.
Isaac Kepo‘okalani Hale Beach Park
The park is a safe and peaceful place for meant for families but not all services you’d expect from a county park are available (yet?). Please kōkua (help, assist) to keep the park a beautiful and safe place for your ‘ohana and everybody else.
Please read the following information about Isaac Hale Beach Park if you are planning to visit:
- Park hours are from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
- There is no drinking water in the park yet: bring plenty of drinking water when visiting.
- There are portable toilets available.
- A lifeguard tower overlooks the beach
- The lava flow created four Natural Ocean Thermal Ponds. The Department of Health is giving notice that these ponds are not disinfected and, due to the risk of bacterial infections, the public should not enter these ponds if they have open wounds. Enter these ponds at your own risk.
- There is a dangerous shore break on the new black sand beach and dangerous ocean currents which could cause injury. Enter the ocean at your own risk.
Direction to Pohoiki and the Isaac Hale Beach Park
Pohoiki Beach is located at the intersection of Pohoiki road and the scenic Kapoho-Kalapana road (route 137) in the Puna District of Hawaiʻi Island. These roads were overrun by lava but by November 2018 a new road between MacKenzie State Park and Pohoiki was cleared.
Note that at the moment GPS directions to Pohoiki are not reliable since not all maps have been updated with the road closures due to the lava flows. The best way to get to the Isaac Hale Beach Park (starting from Pahoa) is to follow Hwy 130 all the way to the end, and then turn left onto Hwy 137, which now ends at Pohoiki. This route will take you also past the beautiful Kaimū Beach Park and over one of our favorite scenic drives.